Staircase PartsThe vast majority of homes have a staircase, and as we know they are an integral part of the style and design of the whole property. For more than two decades Abbott-Wade have been at the forefront of staircase renovation and refurbishment work, using a massive variety of staircase parts to create new bespoke flights in houses up and down the country.
Not many people who are looking into getting a new staircase realise the number of parts which are used together to create a full flight. No staircase from us is the same as another thanks to the countless staircase options we provide our customers with.

This post from our experienced, knowledgeable team explains the various pieces that make up a staircase and also discuss a few of the options you have at your disposal when choosing a new staircase.

Staircase Parts

Treads and Risers

To create a step you staircase, in most cases, requires both a tread and a riser. The tread is the horizontal part of the step which the user places their foot on, while the riser is the vertical element which connects two treads to each other.

In more contemporary staircase styles, it is possible to only incorporate treads into the design by leaving a gap in between each one instead of using risers. This can allow more light into the room as essentially there is less staircase in place to block out any natural light, but this is done without compromising the structural integrity of the flight.

Closed String or Cut String

When people first hear the word ‘string’ in relation to a staircase it can fill them with worry, but the string part of a stair is, in fact, the edge of the flight and the element which encloses the treads and risers. The string is an essential part of a staircase and provides a vital amount of solidity and support to any design.

There are two options to choose from: closed string or cut string. A closed string covers the treads and risers so that from the side you will not be able to see the profile of the staircase, while a cut string mirrors the treads and risers so that the steps are visible from every angle.

There are many variations of each design so, once again, it is possible to create a unique staircase style with the range of options we have to hand. We have something to suit every staircase and household.

Spindles and Newels

The vertical part of the staircase which connects the base of the flight and the handrail is known as the spindle or baluster. We offer a massive selection of spindles in a range of materials such as glass, timber or steel. Sometimes, it is possible not to use spindles and to have a more open staircase but these types of staircase must remain compliant with health and safety regulations.

Normally, homeowners looking for a more classic staircase design will opt to use both spindles and newels. Newels, or newel posts, are placed at either end of the staircase and on corners if there is a turn within the design. They are included for structural support and to round off the design of the flight.

Curtail Steps or Bullnose Steps

Many people choose to round of the design of their staircase with something known as a feature step. There are two different types of feature steps: a curtail step or a bullnose step. Differing in style, both bring a stunning introduction and finish to your staircase as they are only used for the final steps, though occasionally the penultimate step included too.

A curtail step wraps around the edge of your newels and depending on which way your staircase turns these are known as left hand curtail steps or right hand curtail steps. A D-end step is one which is open enough for the step to wrap around both sides of the flight.

A bullnose step is similar in style yet rather than wrapping around the newel post it squares off to meet the front of the staircase. Both designs can be combined with the bullnose design being used on the penultimate step.Each and every element discussed comes together to create your perfect staircase. To discuss your staircase desires and to arrange a home consultation with one of our experienced designers, please get in touch with us by calling 01744 634442 or by emailing You can also visit our contact us page or submit our enquiry form.Different Parts of a Staircase

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